Home
Manuals
Login or Signup

Code archives/File Utilities/RIFF Reader/Writer

This code has been declared by its author to be Public Domain code.

Download source code

RIFF Reader/Writer by spacerat1+ years ago
This module allows you to manipulate RIFF files in blitz. The RIFF file format is a container format, like XML, used by other formats, including WAVE and AVI. Like XML it is hierarchical, but unlike XML it is a binary format, not a text format, and everything is stored as efficiently as possible, so that the header for each chunk of data (including the file itself) consists only of 8 bytes, 4 for a tag, another 4 for the size of the chunk. List chunks, which contain other chunks, have a further 4 bytes for the list ID.

The module is OO, but there are a few non-OO functions for those who like them. Currently, when reading, the entire file is read into memory at once, so you can't stream with the module, and similarly files are simply overwritten when saving a RIFF file. These might be a problem if you're working with large files, but for a simple custom file format (for example, a tile map) the module is sufficient.
SuperStrict

Rem
bbdoc: RIFF File Manipulator
about: The RIFF module allows easy read/write access to RIFF format files.
End Rem
Module JOE.RIFF


ModuleInfo "Version: 0.9.0"
ModuleInfo "Author: Joseph 'Spacerat' Atkins-Turkish"
ModuleInfo "License: Public Domain (see source for notes)"
ModuleInfo "History: 0.9.0 Release to blitzmax.com"

Rem
This module is public domain because it's pretty simple, but if you use it for anything you release
I would appreciate it if you send a link to your project to spacerat3004@gmail.com, just because I like to know (if) my stuff is being used.
EndRem

Import Brl.Filesystem
Import Brl.endianstream
Import Brl.linkedlist
Import brl.math



Rem
bbdoc: Basic RIFF Chunk type
about: The RIFF file structure is based on chunks, which all have a four character ID and contain binary data.
End Rem
Type RIFFChunk
	Field ID:String
	Field Data:TBank
	Field Parent:RIFFList
	
	Function CreateChunk:RIFFChunk(ID:String, Size:Int = 0)
		Local n:RIFFChunk = New RIFFChunk
		n.ID = FourChrString(ID)
		n.Data = CreateBank()
		Return n
	End Function
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Fill the chunk with data from a stream
	EndRem
	Method Fill(stream:TStream, datasize:Long)
		Data = CreateBank()
		
		local bs:TBankStream = GetNewDataStream()
		
		bs.WriteString(stream.ReadString(datasize))
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Get the size in bytes of the chunk's data
	EndRem
	Method GetSize:Long()
		Return Data.Size()
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Return a new stream for easy access to the chunk's data
	EndRem
	Method GetNewDataStream:TBankStream()
		Return TBankStream.Create(Data)
	EndMethod
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Write the chunk to a stream
	EndRem
	Method Write(stream:TStream)
		stream.WriteString(FourChrString(ID))
		Local s:Long = GetSize()
		WriteUnsignedInt32(stream, s)
		
		stream.WriteBytes(Data.Lock(), s)
		Data.Unlock()
		
		'Extra null byte
		If GetSize() / 2.0 <> ceil(GetSize() / 2.0)
			stream.WriteByte(0)
		EndIf
		
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Set the ID of the chunk
	EndRem
	Method SetName(fourchrs:String)
		ID = FourChrString(ID)
	End Method
	

	
EndType

Rem
bbdoc: RIFF List type
about: The RIIF list is a special type of chunk which contains subchunks.
EndRem
Type RIFFList Extends RIFFChunk
	Rem
	bbdoc: The subchunk list.
	about: This list contains all subchunks of the list in the order that they were read and will be written.
	EndRem
	Field Subchunks:TList = New TList
	Field ChunkType:String
	
	Function CreateList:RIFFList(FormType:String)
		Local n:RIFFList = New RIFFList
		n.ID = "LIST"
		n.ChunkType = FourChrString(FormType)
		Return n
	End Function
		
	Rem
	bbdoc: Fill the chunk list with data from a stream
	about: The stream data should consist of a a number of separate chunks in RIFF format.
	EndRem
	Method Fill(stream:TStream, datasize:Long)
		While datasize > 4
			Local nid:String = stream.ReadString(4)
			Local nsize:Long = ReadUnsignedInt32(stream)
			
			Local n:RIFFChunk
			
			If nid = "LIST"
				n = New RIFFList
				RIFFList(n).ChunkType = stream.ReadString(4)
				n.ID = nid
			Else
				n = New RIFFChunk
				n.ID = nid
			EndIf
			
			n.ID = nid
			n.Fill(stream, nsize)
			AddChunk(n)
						
			datasize:-(nsize + 8)
			If nsize / 2.0 <> ceil(nsize / 2.0)
				datasize:-1
				stream.ReadByte()
			EndIf
						
		Wend
	EndMethod
	rem
	bbdoc: Get the size of all chunks in the list, and the header
	endrem
	Method GetSize:Long()
		Local Size:Long
		For Local c:RIFFChunk = EachIn Subchunks
			Size = Size + c.GetSize() + 8
		Next
		
		Return Size + 4
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Write the list to a stream
	EndRem
	Method Write(stream:TStream)
		stream.WriteString(FourChrString(ID))
		WriteUnsignedInt32(stream, GetSize())
		stream.WriteString(FourChrString(ChunkType))
		
		For Local c:RIFFChunk = Eachin Subchunks
			c.Write(stream)
		Next
		
		'Extra null byte
		If GetSize() / 2.0 <> ceil(GetSize() / 2.0)
			stream.WriteByte(0)
		EndIf
				
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Add a chunk to the end of the chunk list
	EndRem
	Method AddChunk(chunk:RIFFChunk)
		Subchunks.AddLast(chunk)
		chunk.Parent = Self
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Add a new chunk containing string data
	returns: Returns the new chunk.
	EndRem
	Method AddTag:RIFFChunk(name:String, str:String)
		Local n:RIFFChunk = RIFFChunk.CreateChunk(name)
		AddChunk(n)
		n.GetNewDataStream().WriteString(str)
		Return n
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Add a new chunk to the list
	EndRem
	Method NewChunk:RIFFChunk(name:String)
		Local n:RIFFChunk = RIFFChunk.CreateChunk(name)
		AddChunk(n)
		Return n
	End Method
	
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Add a new list to the list
	EndRem
	Method NewList:RIFFList(format:String)
		Local n:RIFFList = RIFFList.CreateList(format)
		AddChunk(n)
		Return n
	End Method
		
	Rem
	bbdoc: Find a chunk by its name
	about: Searches for and returns the first chunk found with an ID equal to @name,
	or in the case of list chunks, a chunk type equal to @name.
	
	The search is not recursive, and will not search in subchunks of subchunks.
	Endrem
	Method FindChunk:RIFFChunk(name:String)
		name = FourChrString(name)
		For local c:RIFFChunk = EachIn Subchunks
			
			If c.ID = name Return c
			IF RIFFList(c)
				if RIFFList(c).ChunkType = name Return c
			End If
			
		Next
	End Method
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Set the list type of the list.
	EndRem
	Method SetName(fourchrs:String)
		ChunkType = FourChrString(ID)
	End Method	
	
	Method GetNewDataStream:TBankStream()
		Throw "Cannot create data streams for list chunks."
	End Method
	
EndType
Rem
bbdoc: The RIFF File type
about: A RIFF file is essentially one large list chunk, with a number of subchunks/lists.
It is entirely possible to construct, save and load RIFF files just using RIFFList, but
this type exists for conveniance.
EndRem
Type RIFFFile Extends RIFFList
	
	Function CreateFile:RIFFFile(FileFormat:String, LittleEndian:Int = True)
		Local n:RIFFFile = New RIFFFile
		n.ChunkType = FileFormat
		If LittleEndian = 1
			n.ID = "RIFF"
		Else
			n.ID = "RIFX"
		End If
		Return n
	EndFunction
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Load a RIFF file from a url
	EndRem
	Function Load:RIFFFile(url:Object)
		Local stream:TStream = OpenStream(url)
		If Not(stream) Return Null
		
		Local n:RIFFFile = New RIFFFile
		
		Local id:String = stream.ReadString(4)
		Select id
			Case "RIFF"
				stream = LittleEndianStream(stream)
			Case "RIFX"
				stream = BigEndianStream(stream)
			Default
				Return Null
		End Select		
		
		n.ID = id
		Local nsize:Long = ReadUnsignedInt32(stream)
		n.ChunkType = stream.ReadString(4)
		
		n.Fill(stream, nsize)
		
		Return n
	End Function
	
	Rem
	bbdoc: Save the file to a stream or URL
	about: Files are not automatically created.
	EndRem
	Method Save(url:Object)
		Local s:TStream = OpenStream(url)
		If s = Null
		'	Print "Save error: null stream"
			Return
		End If
		Write(s)
	End Method

End Type

Rem
bbdoc: Create and initialise a new RIFF chunk
about: The @ID should be four characters, and is trimmed or padded otherwise.
EndRem
Function CreateRIFFChunk:RIFFChunk(ID:String, parent:RIFFList = Null)
	Local c:RIFFChunk = RIFFChunk.CreateChunk(ID, 0)
	If (parent) parent.AddChunk(c)
	Return c
EndFunction

Rem
bbdoc: Create and initialise a new RIFF LIST
about: The @FormType should be four characters, and is trimmed or padded otherwise.
EndRem
Function CreateRIFFList:RIFFList(FormType:String, parent:RIFFList = Null)
	Local c:RIFFList = RIFFList.CreateList(FormType)
	If (parent) parent.AddChunk(c)
	Return c
Endfunction

Rem
bbdoc: Create and initialise a new RIFF File
about: The @FileFormat should be four characters, and is trimmed or padded otherwise.

If @LittleEndian is true the file is a RIFF file, else it is a RIFX file.
EndRem
Function CreateRIFFFile:RIFFFile(FileFormat:String, LittleEndian:Int = True)
	Return RIFFFile.CreateFile(FileFormat, LittleEndian)
EndFunction

Rem
bbdoc: Load a RIFF file from a url
EndRem
Function LoadRIFFFile:RIFFFile(url:Object)
	Return RIFFFile.Load(url)
End Function

Rem
Some extra utility functions required for the module. You also might find them useful, espectially read/write unsignedInt32.
Also please let me know if you can think of a better way of doing it that doesn't involve longs.
EndRem

Function FourChrString:String(str:String)
	If str.Length = 4 Return str
	If str.Length > 4
		Return str[0..4]
	End If
	
	While str.Length < 4
		str = str + " "
	WEnd
	Return str
End Function

Function WriteUnsignedInt32(stream:TStream, l:Long)
	Local p:Int Ptr = Int Ptr VarPtr l
	
	?LittleEndian
	stream.WriteInt(p[0])
	?BigEndian
	stream.WriteInt(p[1])
	?

End Function

Function ReadUnsignedInt32:Long(stream:TStream)
	Local i:Int = stream.ReadInt()
	Local l:Long
	Local p:Int Ptr = Int Ptr VarPtr l
	?LittleEndian
	p[0] = i
	?BigEndian
	p[1] = i
	?
	Return l
End Function

Comments

None.

Code Archives Forum
Blitz Social Club