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Code archives/Algorithms/Multi-Dimensional Arrays using a Single Array

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Multi-Dimensional Arrays using a Single Array by Techlord(Posted 1+ years ago)
This code snippet, illustrates the formula that will compute the offset into memory for an array with any number of dimensions:
Graphics 1024,768
n=Input("Number of Array Dimensions: ")
ascii= 96
element$=Chr(ascii+loop+1)
dimensions$="a"
For loop = 1 To n
	Print "Dim Array("+dimensions+")"
	Print "linear_index=base_index+"+String("(",loop)+"a_index)" + expressions$ + "*element_size_in_bytes"
	Print 
	element$=Chr(ascii+loop+1) 
	expression$="*"+element$+"_size+"+element$+"_index)"
	expressions$=expressions$+expression$
	dimensions$=dimensions$+","+element$
Next
There is no magic addressing mode that lets you easily access elements of multidimensional arrays. They require some work and lots of instructions even at the compiler level. This formula is employed by most high level programming languages including Pascal, C/C++, Java, Ada, Modula-2, etc.

Below is an example of how to apply the formula. Hope someone finds this useful.
;bscvmArray an excerpt from the BlitzScript3D Engine
; @ http://www.blitzbasic.com/Community/posts.php?topic=39622
;Supports up to 4 dimensions using Row Major Ordering Formula 
; @ webster.cs.ucr.edu/AoA/Windows/HTML/Arraysa2.html
;There is a generic formula that will compute the offset into memory For an array 
;with any number of dimensions, however, you'll rarely use more than four. 

Global blitzscriptVar[65535] ;a single dimension array

Type bscvmArray
	Field name$
	Field i_size
	Field j_size
	Field k_size
	Field l_size
	Field head
	Field tail
End Type

Function bscvmArrayCreate.bscvmArray(i,j=0,k=0,l=0)
	this.bscvmArray = New bscvmArray
	this\i_size=i+1
	this\j_size=j+1
	this\k_size=k+1
	this\l_size=l+1
	this\head=0
	this\tail=this\head + this\i_size * this\j_size * this\k_size * this\l_size
	Return this
End Function

Function bscvmArrayGet(this.bscvmArray,i_index,j_index=0,k_index=0,l_index=0)
	Return blitzscriptVar[this\head+(((i_index * this\j_size+j_index) * this\k_size+k_index) * this\l_size+l_index)]
End Function

Function bscvmArraySet(this.bscvmArray,i_index,j_index=0,k_index=0,l_index=0,value$=0)
	blitzscriptVar[this\head+(((i_index * this\j_size+j_index) * this\k_size+k_index) * this\l_size+l_index)]=value
End Function

Function bscvmArrayLinearIndexGet(this.bscvmArray,i_index,j_index=0,k_index=0,l_index=0)
	Return this\head+(((i_index * this\j_size+j_index) * this\k_size+k_index) * this\l_size+l_index)
End Function

Function bscvmArrayTest()

	this.bscvmArray=bscvmArrayCreate(3,3,3,3)
	
	For i =  0 To 3
	For j =  0 To 3
	For k =  0 To 3
	For l =  0 To 3
		
	DebugLog(i+","+j+","+k+","+l+"= "+m+" /  "+bscvmArrayLinearIndexGet(this,i,j,k,l))
	m=m+1
	
	Next
	Next
	Next
	Next
	DebugLog "tail="+this\tail
	
End Function

bscvmArrayTest()

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